Asthma is an ongoing disease that makes it difficult for individuals to breathe. What happens is that the airways and passages of the lungs are inflamed, causing a narrow path for air to enter into the lungs. This can result in various asthma symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath.
Asthma Symptoms Exposed
Asthma can happen to individuals of any age, but it tends to affect younger people. The risk of one developing asthma increases if a close family member has the same condition.
There are three major characteristics of asthma:
- The first is the obstruction of airways.
For normal people, the muscles in the airways can relax, which allows air to move in and out of the lungs freely. Those with asthma are sensitive to environmental factors and allergens that cause the muscles in the airways to tighten. When this happens, air cannot move in and out freely and the reduced amount of air causes the individual to feel out of breath. Wheezing sounds are caused by the air moving in and out of the narrow airways.
- Another characteristic of asthma is inflammation.
Individuals will experience swollen and red bronchial tubes. The inflammation is believed to cause long-lasting damage to the lungs.
- The final major characteristic of asthma is airway irritability.
The airways of those with asthma tend to be more sensitive than others. They can be affected by even small amounts of dust, pollen, animal dandruff, or fumes.
Before the onset of an attack, asthma symptoms can include feeling tired when exercising, easily losing one’s breath, coughing frequently (will happen more often in the evening), wheezing after exercising, difficulties sleeping, symptoms of other general flu-like symptoms such as a running nose, sneezing, sore throat, headache, nasal congestion.
Asthma attacks occur when the muscles of the airways tighten dramatically. This tightening is known as bronchospasm. During this period, the airways will become red, swollen, and inflamed. The lining of the airways will also produce thicker mucus than usual. Symptoms of this can include non-stop coughing, severe wheezing while inhaling and exhaling, quick breathing, pressure or pain in the chest, difficulties talking, tightening neck and chest muscles, feelings of panic and anxiety, and a pale and sweaty face.
The feeling of asthma attacks and happen very suddenly and can escalate quickly, so it is important to pay close attention to early asthma symptoms in order to react quickly with treatments such as asthma inhalers.
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