What is Malaria
You must have heard of the disturbing World Health Organization that states that every thirty seconds, a child somewhere in the world dies of malaria symptoms. Yes, that is to let you know how serious malaria is.
Malaria Symptoms Exposed
This disease, which affects over 300 million people in the world annually, is carried by the female anopheles mosquito and its causative organism is the genus Plasmodium.
When an infected mosquito bites a human being, it introduces the pathogen into the bloodstream.
Malaria is more widespread in the tropical and subtropical parts of the globe. This explains why the prevalence of the disease is higher in places like Africa (particularly the sub-Saharan parts), Latin America and Asia. Because of the rapidity with which it kills, malaria is a major public health problem.
What Are the Symptoms of Malaria
The cause of malaria has been stated above and when a human being is affected, what follows after a while is the manifestation of symptoms. These symptoms can appear in a matter of few weeks and if you see one or more of them, you should not just brush them aside. The most common clinical malaria symptoms are as follows:
- Nausea and vomiting
With these symptoms, there are some other things that you also need to note. One is that all of these symptoms do not have to be present in one person before a diagnosis of malaria has to be made.
Another is that these symptoms occur in cycles, and each time they appear in a cycle, they come with different intensities and lengths of time.
The cyclic nature of the symptoms of malaria is due to the fact that the malaria parasites too have a life cycle in which they develop, reproduce and release the toxins which end up causing the symptoms.
In addition to the ones mentioned above, these are more symptoms of malaria:
- Enlargement of the spleen
- Dry cough
- Pain in the muscle groups, especially in the back
- Central nervous system maybe affected, leading to impaired function of the brain causing seizures or even loss of consciousness.
- Organ failure
- Severe anemia
What Can Be Done When You Have Malaria Symptoms
In a case where there is a manifestation of these symptoms, there are special formulations (anti-malarial medications) that can be used.
There is no vaccine yet for malaria so it is important that the symptoms be addressed.
For now, artemisinin-combination therapy (ACT) happens to be the standard in use in many places today. However, you need to be careful as self-medication will do more harm than good as you can develop resistance later on.
If you happen to have any of the following symptoms, do not decide to treat yourself. The best thing to do is to consult with your doctors first, do all the necessary tests before taking the adequate drugs. Once this is done, taking care of malaria symptoms is no longer an issue.
Malaria: Treatment and Symptoms I YouTube clip